Ontario Turtle Tally
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- A small 6-8 cm salamander.
- The four-toed salamander is thin and reddish-brown in
colour. The orange-coloured tail has a constriction, or
groove, circling it just behind the rear legs.
- It has an immaculate white belly dotted with black spots.
- Look for four toes on each foot. All other terrestrial
salamanders have five toes on each hind foot.
- The four-toed salamander is found in moss in bogs or under
rocks and logs in mossy seepage areas and marshy woodlands.
- Males court females in the fall when wet weather in late
September and October stimulates them to search for females.
- Females retain the male's sperm over the winter and
migrate towards woodland ponds the following April in search
of suitable egg laying sites.
- Each female lays about 25 eggs.
- This species has a discontinuous distribution in Ontario because of its specialized need for moss-fringed ponds in rich, damp woodlands.